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Evolution of BPRD

CREATION

1. The Government of India vied Resolution No.8/136/68-P.I (Pers.I) dated 28.08.1970 formally established the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D), under the Ministry of Home Affairs giving a new orientation to then existing PoliceResearch and Advisory Council (1966) for the following reasons and with the primary objective of modernization of police force:

1.    to take direct and active interest in the issues

2.    to promote a speedy and systematic study of the police problems,

3.    to apply science and technology in the methods and techniques used by police.

In addition and as a secondary, the Resolution mandated an advisory role also for the Bureau.

2. The Bureau was established with the following two divisions initially with a well laid out charter of duties

1.    Research,Statistics and Publication

2.    Development.

 3. Training isa vital and growing requirement to improve the competency of police forces inthe country. The Gore-Committee (1971) set up by the Government of India studied the training aspects of police and gave several recommendations. The government of India in accepting its recommendations created a Training Division (1973) in addition to the two divisions already existing tofunction under the Bureau.

4. The forensic science services uncompromising & Geese under the Development Division grew over a period and aseparate Directorate of Forensic Sciences under the BPR&Dcame into existence in 1983.

5. Further in 1995 Government of India decidedto entrust issues relating toCorrectional Administration Work tothe BPR&D so that problems relating to prisons and implementation of deemedprison reforms can be taken up by the Bureau in a cohesive manner. This set upis operating out of the existing manpower resources.

6. During the year 2008, the Government of India further decided to create National Police Mission under the administrative control of BPR&D to transform the police forces in the country into effective instrument for maintenance of internal security and facing the challenges in future, by equipping them with the necessary material,intellectual and organizational resources.

SEPARATION

1.    Thoughthe Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science (ICFS) wasestablished under the overall supervision and guidance of BPR&D as part ofthe sameexercise, it was allowed to function as a separate entity in 1976:since the ultimate objective of setting up the Institute was to develop afull-fledged academic institution for furthering studies in Criminology andforensic science. The same which has been re-christened in the year 1991 is nowfunctioning asLNJN Lok Nayak Jai Parkash Narayan, National Institute ofCriminology and Forensic Science from 1982. The instituteprovides training courses for officers of the criminal justice system in thetwo subjects i.e. Criminology and Forensic Science and carries out research.

2.    Growthdynamics took over and the need to specialize in each area arose. The NationalPolice Commission (1977) also recommended certain measures requiringimplementation. Simultaneously, technological innovations particularlycomputers held promises of support to many areas of crime control and crimedetection besides processing statistical data for the purpose of analysis. TheGovernment of India, therefore, decided to establish a National CrimeRecords Bureau in 1986 vide another Resolution and entrustedstatistics and publications work of the Research Division to the newlyconstituted Bureau along with the plans for their computerization.

3.    In anidentical move brought about by compulsions of growth, the Government of Indiadecided to give an independent status to the Forensic Science Division bycreating a Forensic Science Directorate having an autonomousstatus under the direct control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.